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Accueil > Productions scientifiques > Thèses SAMOVAR > Thèses 2011

SOUTENANCE : Thèse de Abderrahmane Maaradji

Vendredi 2 Décembre 2011 à 14h00

"End-user Services Composition from a Social Networks Analysis Perspective"

Alcatel-Lucent Bell Labs, TechnoLab COP2.F50, Centre de Villarceaux, Route de Villejust, 91620 Nozay.

Jury :

- Pr. Jean-Marc Petit, INSA Lyon, rapporteur
- Pr. Zakaria Maamar Zayed University (United Arab Emirates), rapporteur
- Pr. Athena Vakali Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (Grèce), examinatrice
- Pr. Marcelo Dias de Amorim, UPMC, examinateur
- Pr. Salima Benbernou, Université Paris Descartes, examinateur
- M. Johan Daigrement, Alcatel Lucent Bell Labs France, encadrant
- Dr. Hakim Hacid, Alcatel Lucent Bell Labs France, encadrant
- Pr. Noel Crespi, Télécom SudParis, directeur de thèse


"Service composition has risen from the need to make information systems more flexible and open. The Service Oriented Architecture has become the reference architecture model for applications carried by the impetus of Internet (Web). In fact, information systems are able to expose interfaces through the Web which has increased the number of available Web services. On the other hand, with the emergence of the Web 2.0, service composition has evolved toward web users with limited technical skills. Those end-users, named Y generation, are participating, creating, sharing and commenting content through the Web. This evolution in service composition is translated by the reference paradigm of Mashup and Mashup editors such as Yahoo Pipes ! This paradigm has established the service composition within end users community enabling them to meet their own needs, for instance by creating applications that do not exist. Additionally, Web 2.0 has brought also its social dimension, allowing users to interact, either directly through the online social networks or indirectly by sharing, modifying content, or adding metadata.

In this context, this thesis aims to support the evolving concept of service composition through meaningful contributions. The main contribution of this thesis is indeed the introduction of the social dimension within the process of building a composite service through end users’ dedicated environments. In fact, this concept of social dimension considers the activity of compositing services (creating a Mashup) as a social activity. This activity reveals social links between users based on their similarity in selecting and combining services. These links could be an interesting dissemination means of expertise, accumulated by users when compositing services. In other terms, based on frequent composition patterns, and similarity between users, when a user is editing a Mashup, dynamic recommendations are proposed. These recommendations aim to complete the initial part of Mashup already introduced by the user. This concept has been explored through (i) a step-by-step mashup completion by recommending a single service at each step, and (ii) a full mashup completion approaches by recommending the whole sequence of services the could complete the Mashup.

Beyond pushing a vision for integrating the social dimension in the service composition process, this thesis has addressed a particular constraint for this recommendation system which conditions the interactive systems requirements in terms of response time. In this regard, we have developed robust algorithms adapted to the specificities of our problem. Whereas a composite service is considered as a sequence of basic service, finding similarities between users comes first to find frequent patterns (subsequences) and then represent them in an advantageous data structure for the recommendation algorithm. The proposed algorithm FESMA, provide exactly those requirements based on the FSTREE structure with interesting results compared to the prior art.

Finally, to implement the proposed algorithms and methods, we have developed a mashup creation framework, called Social Composer (SoCo). This framework, dedicated to end users, firstly implements abstraction and usability requirements through a workflow-based graphic environment. As well, it implements all the mechanisms needed to deploy composed service starting from an abstract description entered by the user. More importantly, SoCo has been augmented by including the dynamic recommendation functionality, demonstrating by the way the feasibility of this concept."